O'Donnell and Smokee
But despite the success stories of these veterans, many people within the medical and military establishment are reluctant to acknowledge the use of dogs to treat psychological disorders. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs does not provide reimbursement or benefits to veterans using PSD’s. According to the VA, the efficacy of PSD’s must be scientifically proven before funding is allocated, a claim Dr. Esnayara rebukes. She asserts that there is a double standard when it comes to PSD’s because the VA continues to provide assistance to those using physical service dogs for disabilities ranging from blindness to limited mobility, despite the lack of scientific study on their effectiveness.